Pre Civil War Spanish Makers click for more

Jose Carreres Soprano Ukulele Guitarrico from Barcelona Spain
José Carreres
When I talk about "Pre War" for Spain, I mean pre Spanish Civil War, one of the precursor events to WWII, (during which Spain was neutral).
It is not uncommon, particularly in Europe, to see pre Civil War Spanish Ukuleles, Spain at this period was the home of the "Spanish Guitar" so there were plenty of luthiers and factories plying their trade and a lot of European distributors included Spanish instruments as part of the catalogue, (for example Beare & Sons 1930 catalogue lists 4 Spanish made Ukuleles, but no information beyond they are Spanish). Sometimes they have a paper label inside the sound hole giving the name of the maker, but not always. A lot of the Spanish Ukuleles look more like Guitaricos (and may well have originally been built as such), with golpeadores and saddleless bridges, but the problem is there is not a lot of information on them, like the size of the workshop or the quantity or quality of manufacture? Any help would be great.

Francisco Torrés

The name Torrés was well known in Valencia as over the years a number of people with that family name had been famous luthiers. Francisco was the last of them but he was know more as the person who ran a factory producing guitars and other instruments for export rather then a luthier in his own right

José Benedid

Information on the maker of the Ukulele like instrument I have seen it tricky and largely speculative, (it doesn't help that the photos are very small). The obvious information from the label is it was made in Cadiz by José Benedid it even give the exact address, 85 St. Augustin Street. A little research shows there was an internationally renowned and important Guitar luthier at this address, Josef Benedid. It also show he had a son called José who was also an internationally renowned and important Guitar luthier; job done! Not quite, Josef died in 1836 and José famously emigrated to Cuba with all of his important work coming from there. My suspicion is, as Josef had 9 children, two others went on to be slightly less important but still noteworthy Guitar luthiers, (one of whom died childless but the other, Mateo had children and one of them was called José - but I don't know this José's occupation), that this is probably the work of one of Josef's grandchildren or even great grandchildren, (Yes it could be a very old Guitarico but Cadiz is the other side of Spain to where guitaricos were popular)

José Carreres

The Sound hole label says he is a manufacturer of fine instruments from Valencia

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